Neuromorphic spintronics


Spiking Dynamics in Dual Free Layer Perpendicular Magnetic Tunnel Junctions. L. Farcis, B. MS Teixeira, P. Talatchian, D. Salomoni, U. Ebels, S. Auffret, B. Dieny, F. A. Mizrahi, J. Grollier, R. C Sousa, L. D Buda-Prejbeanu, Nanoletters 23, 17, 7869–7875 (2023), [arXiv]

Multilayer spintronic neural networks with radiofrequency connections. A. Ross, N. Leroux, A.De Riz, D. Marković, D. Sanz-Hernández, J. Trastoy, P. Bortolotti, D. Querlioz, L. Martins, L. Benetti, M. S Claro, P.Anacleto, A. Schulman, T. Taris, J.-B. Begueret, S. Saïghi, A. S Jenkins, R. Ferreira, A. F. Vincent, F. A. Mizrahi, J. Grollier, Nature Nanotechnology (2023), [arXiv]

Information Processing Capacity of Spintronic Oscillator. S. Tsunegi, T. Kubota, A. Kamimaki, J. Grollier, V. Cros, K. Yakushiji, A. Fukushima, S. Yuasa, H. Kubota, K. Nakajima, T. Taniguchi, Advanced Intelligent Systems 5, 9 (2023)

Classification of multi-frequency RF signals by extreme learning, using magnetic tunnel junctions as neurons and synapses. N. Leroux, D. Marković, D. Sanz-Hernández, J. Trastoy, P. Bortolotti, A. Schulman, L. Benetti, A. Jenkins, R. Ferreira, J. Grollier and F. A. Mizrahi, APL Machine Learning (2023), [arXiv]

Compensation of Anisotropy in Spin Hall Devices for Neuromorphic Applications. P. Sethi, D. Sanz-Hernández, F. Godel, S. Krishnia, F. Ajejas, F. A. Mizrahi, V. Cros, D. Marković, J. Grollier, Phys. Rev. Applied 19, 064018 (2023), [arXiv]


Binding events through the mutual synchronization of spintronic nano-neurons. M. Romera, P. Talatchian, S. Tsunegi, K. Yakushiji, A. Fukuchima, H. Kubota, S. Yuasa, V. Cros, P. Bortolotti, M. Ernoult, D. Querlioz, & J. Grollier, Nature Communications, 13, 883 (2022), [arXiv]

Easy-plane spin Hall nano-oscillators as spiking neurons for neuromorphic computing. D. Marković, M. W. Daniels, P. Sethi, A. D. Kent, M. D. Stiles & J. Grollier, Phys. Rev. B 105, 014411 (2022), [arXiv]


Convolutional Neural Networks with Radio-Frequency Spintronic Nano-Devices. N. Leroux, A. De Riz, D. Sanz-Hernández, D. Marković, A. Mizrahi & J. Grollier, Neuromorph. Comput. Eng. 2 034002 (2021) [arXiv]

Proposal for a compact architecture capable of performing convolutions in parallel, using spintronic devices as neurons and synapses.

Hardware realization of the multiply and accumulate operation on radio-frequency signals with magnetic tunnel junctions. N. Leroux, A. Mizrahi, D. Marković, D. Sanz-Hernandez, J. Trastoy, P. Bortolotti, … J. Grollier, Neuromorphic Computing and Engineering, 1, 011001 (2021), [arXiv]

Experimental demonstration of synaptic operations on RF signals by spintronic devices.

Radio-Frequency Multiply-and-Accumulate Operations with Spintronic Synapses. N. Leroux, D. Marković, E. Martin, T. Petrisor, D. Querlioz, A. Mizrahi & J. Grollier, Phys. Rev. Applied, 15, 034067 (2021), [arXiv]

Theoretical demonstration of synaptic operations on RF signals by spintronic devices

Tunable stochasticity in an artificial spin network. D. Sanz-Hernández, M. Massouras, N. Reyren, N. Rougemaille, V. Schánilec, K. Bouzehouane, M. Hehn, B. Canals, D. Querlioz, J. Grollier, F. Montaigne, D. Lacour, Adv. Mater.  2021,  33, 2008135 (2021), [arXiv]


Detection of the Microwave Emission from a Spin-Torque Oscillator by a Spin Diode. D. Marković, N. Leroux, A. Mizrahi, A. Jenkins, R. Ferreira and J. Grollier, Phys. Rev. Applied, 13, 044050 (2020), [arXiv]

Neuromorphic spintronics. J. Grollier, D. Querlioz, KY Camsari, K. Everschor-Sitte, S. Fukami, M. D Stiles, Nature Electronics 3, 7 (2020), [arXiv]


Reservoir computing with the frequency, phase and amplitude of spin-torque nano-oscillators. D. Marković, N. Leroux, M. Riou, F. Abreu Araujo, J. Torrejon, D. Querlioz, A. Fukushima, S. Yuasa, J. Trastoy, P. Bortolotti, and J. Grollier, App. Phys.Lett., 114, 012409 (2019), [arXiv]


Vowel recognition with four coupled spin-torque nano-oscillators. M. Romera, P. Talatchian, S. Tsunegi, F. Abreu Araujo, V. Cros, P. Bortolotti, J. Trastoy, K. Yakushiji, A. Fukushima, H. Kubota, S. Yuasa, M. Ernoult, D. Vodenicarevic, T. Hirtzlin, N. Locatelli, D. Querlioz and J. Grollier, Nature 563, 230 (2018), [arXiv], [pdf]

Overcoming device unreliability with continuous learning in a population coding based computing system. A. Mizrahi, J. Grollier, D. Querlioz and M. D. Stiles, J. Appl. Phys. 124, 152111 (2018), [arXiv]

Nano-oscillator-based classification with a machine learning-compatible architecture. D. Vodenicarevic, N. Locatelli, J. Grollier and D. Querlioz, J. Appl. Phys. 124, 152117 (2018), [arXiv]

Skyrmion Gas Manipulation for Probabilistic Computing. D. Pinna, F. Abreu Araujo, J.-V. Kim, V. Cros, D. Querlioz, P. Bessiere J. Droulez, and J. Grollier, Phys. Rev. Appl. 9, 064018 (2018), [arXiv]

Neural-like computing with populations of superparamagnetic basis functions. A. Mizrahi, T. Hirtzlin, A. Fukushima, H. Kubota, S. Yuasa, J. Grollier & D. Querlioz, Nature Com. 9, 1533 (2018), [arXiv]


Low-Energy Truly Random Number Generation with Superparamagnetic Tunnel Junctions for Unconventional Computing. D. Vodenicarevic, N. Locatelli, A. Mizrahi, J. S. Friedman, A. F. Vincent, M. Romera, A. Fukushima, K. Yakushiji, H. Kubota, S. Yuasa, S. Tiwari, J. Grollier, and D. Querlioz, Phys. Rev. Applied 8, 054045 (2017), [arXiv][pdf]

Neuromorphic computing with nanoscale spintronic oscillators. J. Torrejon, M. Riou, F. Abreu Araujo, S. Tsunegi, G. Khalsa, D. Querlioz, P. Bortolotti, V. Cros, K. Yakushiji, A. Fukushima, H. Kubota, S. Yuasa, M. D. Stiles and J. Grollier, Nature 547, 428–431 (2017), [arXiv][pdf]